Here is the source for the FileTools C++ Class promised a few posts back, which uses inotify to monitor files for changes.

Again we start off with the class header:

// FileTools.cpp

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/inotify.h>

typedef class FileTools {
    static int addWatch(char *, ...);
    static void removeWatch(int);
    static bool hasChanged(int);

    static int fd;
} *pFileTools;

// Parse variable arguments into 'buffer' character array
// This is just a macro I use often in my functions
#define parsevargs(buff, buffer)                    \
    char buffer[128];                               \
    memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer));              \
    va_list ap;                                     \
    va_start(ap, buff);                             \
    vsnprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), buff, ap);    \

And on to the implementation:

int FileTools::fd = 0;

int FileTools::addWatch(char *path, ...)
    // Parse variable arguments into "buffer"
    parsevargs(path, buffer);

    // Initialize inotify if need be
    if (!FileTools::fd) FileTools::fd = inotify_init();

    printf("Adding Watch for %s..\n", buffer);

    // Return a new watch handle
    return inotify_add_watch(FileTools::fd, buffer, IN_CLOSE_WRITE);

void FileTools::removeWatch(int wd)
    printf("Removing Watch id = %i..\n", wd);
    inotify_rm_watch(FileTools::fd, wd); 

#define EVENT_SIZE (sizeof(struct inotify_event))
#define BUF_LEN    (1024 * (EVENT_SIZE + 16))
bool FileTools::hasChanged(int wd)
    bool ret = false;

    // Return from select immediately if none available
    struct timeval time;
    time.tv_sec = 0;
    time.tv_usec = 0;
    fd_set rfds;


    // Set up our fd_set with our inotify fd
    FD_SET(FileTools::fd, &rfds);

    // Do the select
    select(FileTools::fd + 1, &rfds, NULL, NULL, &time);

    if (FD_ISSET(FileTools::fd, &rfds)) {
        int length = 0;
        int i = 0;
        char buffer[BUF_LEN];

        length = read(FileTools::fd, buffer, BUF_LEN);

        while (i < length) {
            // Got a match
            struct inotify_event *event = (struct inotify_event*)&buffer[i];

            if (event->wd == wd &&
                event->mask & IN_CLOSE_WRITE) {
                // It was a file we were monitoring!
                printf("Watched file %i has changed\n", wd);
                ret = true;

            i += EVENT_SIZE + event->len;

    return ret;

And that's it! Use to your hearts content, this code and the CodeTools code before it are free to use for whatever purpose you want.

Sorry for the short post, but I want to post more Scheme (and maybe PHP) instead of cluttering up my blog with C++ ;)

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